history of gardening
The increased interest produced an unprecedented expansion of business among horticultural suppliers, nurseries, garden centres, and seedsmen. The cloister garth, a claustrum consisting of the viridarium, a rectangular plot of grass surrounded by peristyle arcades, was barred to the laity, and served primarily as a place of retreat, a locus of the ‘vita contempliva’. In these situations, a staff of gardeners or groundskeepers maintains the gardens. As a general rule, landscaping of public and private buildings has become an integral part of planning. Gardening is considered by many people to be a relaxing activity. Plus, laboring in kitchen gardens was a part of the manual labor expected of monks at that time. Islamic gardens were built after the model of Persian gardens and they were usually enclosed by walls and divided in four by watercourses. 4. These well-planned gardens were tended with care to reflect the high social status of the family. At one time, gardens were a status symbol. Flowers like the iris, chrysanthemum, lily and delphinium (blue), were certainly known to the ancients but do not feature much in garden scenes. The key distinction between gardening and farming is essentially one of scale; gardening can be a hobby or an income supplement, but farming is generally understood[by whom?] Children 0-5    Free of charge. Robert Hart. They became interested in developing functional space for outdoor living with designs echoing natural surroundings. He encouraged the planting of avenue trees. A rich variety of species thrived while thin channels delivered water throughout the garden, feeding fountains and pools, cooling the atmosphere and providing tender, constant music in the air. Dijon : Educagri Éditions. Ferris, J., Norman, C. & Sempik, J. Professional garden designers came on the scene, and home gardens once designed for public viewing began to include distinct private areas, protected from the public.3, Early 1900s: Interest in edible gardening dropped as manufacturing jobs drew Americans to urban areas. 5. Yet many of today's “new ideas" for garden spaces echo American gardens from years gone by. Unlike historical European gardens, which seemed carved or re-ordered from within their existing landscape, Persian gardens appeared as impossibilities. The Byzantine garden tradition was influenced by the strong undercurrents of history that the empire itself was exposed to. The ancient ornamental garden evolved into the medieval vegetable plot established in the former marsh areas of Paris during the Enlightenment. Forest gardening is the world's oldest form of gardening. During the next two centuries, Europeans started planting lawns and raising flowerbeds and trellises of roses. The forest garden story in the UK begins with the visionary Robert Hart who saw the potential for adapting growing techniques practised in tropical areas to the cool, temperate climate of his home in Shropshire. He was known as a modern nature artist and a public urban space designer. CH-1800 Vevey Commercial gardening is a more intensive type of gardening that involves the production of vegetables, nontropical fruits, and flowers from local farmers. Pesticides may affect the ecology of a garden due to their effects on the populations of both target and non-target species. Much like dooryard gardens of Early America, today's home gardens brim with edibles and herbs, but flowers and native plants add interest to utility in distinctly American ways. The illustrated history, Shahnameh, Book of Kings, details both the dreamy and the practical in court life. In the De Vegetabilibus of Albertus Magnus written around 1260, instructions are given for planting grass plots. The history of gardening and growing ornamental plants spans thousands of years, going back to ancient Egypt and Persia. Formal boquets seem to have been composed of mandrake, poppy, cornflower and or lotus and papyrus. Yet many of today's “new ideas" for garden spaces echo American gardens from years gone by. In the same play we find the mention of pleasure gardens. Today, many people around the world enjoy the creativity involved in planning and planting a garden in their own backyard!

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