ural mountains

They have rich resources, including metal ores, coal, and precious and semi-precious stones. The western areas also receive more rainfall than the eastern ones by 150–300 mm (5.9–11.8 in) per year.
Land In the Southern Urals, badger and black polecat are common. In summers, the South and Middle Urals are visited by songbirds, such as nightingale and redstart. Uralskiye gory, IPA: [ʊˈralʲskʲɪjə ˈgorɨ]; Bashkir: Урал тауҙары, Ural tauźarı) or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the river Ural and northwestern Kazakhstan. In 1574 they founded Ufa. Tatishchev returned to the Ural on the order of Empress Anna to succeed de Gennin in 1734–1737. [17][18][19][20] Unlike the other major orogens of the Paleozoic (Appalachians, Caledonides, Variscides), the Urals have not undergone post-orogenic extensional collapse and are unusually well preserved for their age, being underlaid by a pronounced crustal root. The first ample geographic survey of the Ural Mountains was completed in the early 18th century by the Russian historian and geographer Vasily Tatishchev under the orders of Peter I. Its highest peak is Mount Narodnaya, approximately 1,895 m (6,217 ft) in elevation.[1]. The Ural Mountains are probably the richest mountain range of their size in the world. Only after Sigismund von Herberstein in his Notes on Muscovite Affairs (1549) had reported, following Russian sources, that there are mountains behind the Pechora and identified them with the Riphean Mountains and Hyperboreans of ancient authors, did the existence of the Ural, or at least of its northern part, become firmly established in the Western geography. It is composed of severely eroded sedimentary rocks (sandstones and limestones) that are about 350 million years old. Forest landscapes of the Urals are diverse, especially in the southern part. Yugyd Va National Park, for example, contains the Virgin Komi Forests, one of the most extensive areas of virgin boreal forest remaining in Europe. are abundant. [25], The region served as a military stronghold during Peter the Great's Great Northern War with Sweden, during Stalin's rule when the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Complex was built and Russian industry relocated to the Urals during the Nazi advance at the beginning of World War II, and as the center of the Soviet nuclear industry during the Cold War. Ivan III of Moscow captured Perm, Pechora and Yugra from the declining Novgorod Republic in 1472. They have traditionally been used on maps as the boundary between Europe and Asia although they may not be …

This is because of low precipitation and the relatively warm climate resulting in less snow and more evaporation. Some of the deposits, such as the magnetite ores at Magnitogorsk, are already nearly depleted. Much of the land is cultivated.

Population exodus resulted, and economic depression at the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, but in post-Soviet times additional mineral exploration, particularly in the northern Urals, has been productive and the region has attracted industrial investment. The conservation measures include establishing national wildlife parks. Ural Mountains in Nazi planning - The Ural Mountains played a prominent role in Nazi planning. Image of the Day The mountain range spans 2,500 kilometers (1,550 miles) passing through Arctic tundra to the north and through forested and semi-desert landscapes to the south. Did you ever collect all those state quarters? Both Polar and Nether-Polar Urals are typically Alpine; they bear traces of Pleistocene glaciation, along with permafrost and extensive modern glaciation, including 143 extant glaciers. They multiplied particularly quickly during the reign of Peter I of Russia. Both factories were actually founded by Tatishchev's successor, Georg Wilhelm de Gennin, in 1723. The Ural Mountains The Urals rise like a long and narrow spine across western Russia, forming a natural divide between Europe and Asia. Narodnaya, 6,214 feet (1,894 meters). (Ural (geographical))", "Military reactors go on show to American visitors", "Mountain building processes during continent–continent collision in the Uralides", "Arrested orogenic development: Eclogitization, delamination, and tectonic collapse", "Insights into orogenesis: Getting to the root of a continent-ocean-continent collision, Southern Urals, Russia", Производство плутония с ПО "Маяк" на Сибирский химкомбинат перенесено не будет, "Three Hundred Years of Glory and Gloom: The Urals Region of Russia in Art and Reality", Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ural_Mountains&oldid=984745198, Landforms of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Pages using infobox mountain with multiple parameters, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Bashkir-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mountain formation near Saranpaul, Nether-Polar Urals, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 21:02. Inland from the coastal nation Morocco, the southwest-northeast ridges of the Atlas became more widely spaced. As a whole, the Urals are extremely rich in minerals. During World War II, hundreds of factories were evacuated from Western Russia before the German occupation, flooding the Urals with industry. Dwarf birch, mosses and berries (blueberry, cloudberry, black crowberry, etc.) The steep gravelly slopes of the mountains and hills of the eastern slopes of the Southern Urals are mostly covered with rocky steppes. [1] The mountain ridges, elongated from north to south, effectively absorb sunlight thereby increasing the temperature. Transportation of the output of the smelting works to the markets of European Russia necessitated the construction of the Siberian Route from Yekaterinburg across the Ural to Kungur and Yegoshikha (Perm) and further to Moscow, which was completed in 1763 and rendered Babinov's road obsolete. Continental collisions gave rise to the Urals between 250 and 300 million years ago, making them among the oldest mountains on Earth. [7] I.G. The forests of the Southern Urals are the most diverse in composition: here, together with coniferous forests are also abundant broadleaf tree species such as English oak, Norway maple and elm. It might have been a borrowing from either Turkic "stone belt"[2] (Bashkir, where the same name is used for the range), or Ob-Ugric. The rivers Chusovaya and Belaya were first mentioned in the chronicles of 1396 and 1468, respectively. History of human settlement in the Ural Mountains, "Урал (географич.) Intensive weathering has produced vast areas of eroded stone on the mountain slopes and summits of the northern areas. At elevations below 500 meters, snow and ice give way to green forests. Both slopes are rich in bituminous coal and lignite, and the largest deposit of bituminous coal is in the north (Pechora field). The maximum height is 1,499 m (4,918 ft) at Payer Mountain and the average height is 1,000 to 1,100 m (3,300 to 3,600 ft). The maximum height is 1,640 m (5,380 ft) (Mount Yamantau) and the width reaches 250 km (160 mi). With the excursions of 1483 and 1499–1500 across the Ural Moscow managed to subjugate Yugra completely. It has been mined since 1747. The mountain range spans 2,500 kilometers (1,550 miles) passing through Arctic tundra to the north and through forested and semi-desert landscapes to the south. Maximum precipitation occurs in the summer: the winter is dry because of the Siberian High. "The Ural mountains". [3] From the 13th century, in Bashkortostan there has been a legend about a hero named Ural. “Democracy” vs. “Republic”: Is There A Difference? The eastern mountain slopes have light coniferous taiga forests. a mountain system in W central Russia, extending over 2000 km (1250 miles) from the Arctic Ocean towards the Aral Sea: forms part of the geographical boundary between Europe and Asia; one of the richest mineral areas in the world, with many associated major industrial centres. [25], This article is about the land formation. Tatischev believes that this oronym is set to "belt" and associates it with the Turkic verb oralu- "gird". As attested by Sigismund von Herberstein, in the 16th century Russians called the range by a variety of names derived from the Russian words for rock (stone) and belt.

The mountains of the Polar Ural have exposed rock with sharp ridges, though flattened or rounded tops are also found. [4][5][6] Possibilities include Bashkir үр "elevation; upland" and Mansi ур ала "mountain peak, top of the mountain",[7] V.N.
[1][4], The landscapes of the Urals vary with both latitude and longitude and are dominated by forests and steppes. The mountains lie within the Ural geographical region and significantly overlap with the Ural Federal District and with the Ural economic region.

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